Total Knee replacement treatments is one of the common orthopaedic procedures performed by most of the hospitals. Cost of total knee replacement surgery in India is very much affordable.
Knee replacement is otherwise known as knee arthroplasty. It is a surgical procedure done to replace the surface of the knee joint (weight bearing surface) and disability. This surgery is most commonly performed for osteoarthritis and for other knee problem such as psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The knee replacement surgery can be done as unilateral and bilateral total knee replacements. In general the procedure is done by replacing the diseased or damaged joint knee with the plastic and metal components to give shape to the new and the motion knee replacement is mostly commonly performed for the person who has osteoarthritis. This type of surgery will also do to correct the significant bone knee or bone trauma in the young people.
Knee replacement is the major surgery. The pre operative begins once all the investigations done approximately 1 month. The patient is advice to take medications prescribed to develop the iron and immune system to resist the surgery pain, if the patient is not strong. The pre operative investigations are done such as blood counts, chest X ray, blood cross matching for the transfusion, ECG and electrolytes. Accurate X ray of the knee joint is needed to measure the size of the components needed to replace.
Post operative care varies depends upon the health status of the patient. If the patient withstands the pain then it takes 1 to 7 days average to discharge from the hospital. The patient has to undergo several physiotherapy sections after the surgery to regularize the motion of the knee to recover soon. The protected weight bearing on a walker or crutches required to mobilize.
Risk and Complications:
Complications from Anaesthesia:
Anaesthesia is given to make a patient into a deep sleep and also to numb the leg which ensures that the patient may not feel any pain during the surgery. This type of modern anaesthesia is safe but it can cause side effects, negative reactions. Most commonly seen side effects are vomiting, sore throat, discomforts, shivering, dizziness, aches and pains, and drowsiness.
Blood clots are deep vein thrombosis which occurs in the legs and the pulmonary embolism in the lings. Most of the surgery and the injuries lead to increase of blood clots. These type of blood clots occurs in knee replacement after two weeks of surgery but clots contains in the legs are minor risk.
The infection occurs is minimal in knee replacement procedure. Patient with diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis have a risk of infection after the procedure (after a week). Even if a patient already have infections will leads to have infection at the knee after the surgery.
Other common risks are,