Total hip replacement surgery is otherwise called as Orthoplasty, is a Greek word called shape. It is a surgical procedure to replace the damaged hip with an artificial joint. This surgery can also be done to the hip fracture, secure pain due to arthritis. The hip joint is otherwise called as ball and socket joint. The ball is called as ‘femoral head’ and socket is ‘acetabul’ where the movement of the joint takes place since leverage of a cartilage.
The hip replacement can be done through the implants such as prosthesis (which is made of metal, ceramic, plastic and other combinations of the materials)
The patient has to undergo all the medical investigations according to the doctor’s advice such as routine blood test & general medical checkup with physician to find any abnormalities to accept the procedure. Anti inflammatory medications should be given by the doctor before 10m days of the surgery.
An incision is made to explore the hip joint to start the procedure. The socket is prepared by an instrument earner. The component is inserted into socket. In some cases it will be reinforced with screws. The lines can be made by the metal, ceramic, a plastic…
The thigh bone is prepared by a special instrument to fit the metal femoral components. The femoral component is inserted into femur.
Then the real femoral head component which is made of metal or ceramic is then placed on the femoral stem. The patient will be shifted to ICU to monitor the abnormalities.
The patient vitals once stabilized then the patient will be shifted to the casual ward. Regular medications should be taken accordingly to the doctor’s advice.
Proper dressing on the hip and wards should be carried to patient infection. X-ray will be performed during the recover. Physiotherapy will make to mobilize the movements. It takes maximum 5 to 7 days to discharge from the hospital. After the discharge proper medications and physio should be followed to recover soon.
Risk and Complications
Complications involves such as allergic to the medications, blood loss, stroke. Pneumonia, kidney failure, heart attacks bladder infection new blocks such as new damage or infections.
Specific complications involve, Infections dislocation deep venous thrombosis damage to new a blood vessels failure to joint pain.