Pancreatic cancer is a kind of cancer in which the cancerous cells are formed in the tissues of the pancreas. This is an organ in the abdomen which lies horizontally at the lower part of the stomach. The pancreas is an organ that secretes digestive juices and hormones that regulates the metabolism of sugars. The cells are known as exocrine pancreas cells produce the digestive juices while the cells known as endocrine pancreas cells produces the hormones. Mostly the pancreatic cancer starts in the exocrine cells and is known to be a silent disease because the signs and symptoms of the disease are not visible in its initial stages. The signs and symptoms are:
Diagnosing Pancreatic Cancer:
The doctor will suggest the following tests and investigations to diagnose pancreatic cancer;
Treatment Methods for Pancreatic Cancer:
Surgery is an option used to remove all or parts of the pancreas. If the doctors feel the cancer is not metastasized, it is possible to surgically remove the cancer from the body. The surgical procedures used by the doctors to remove the pancreatic cancer are;
Chemotherapy – This is a method of treatment where the doctors use powerful drugs to kill or prevent further growth of the cancer cells. Chemotherapy is a method that can also be used even after a surgery to prevent and control pancreatic cancer to re-occur.
Radiation Therapy – In this method of treatment high beam of energy rays is used such as the X-rays to kill the cancer cells. One could receive radiation therapy before or after the surgery or could also receive as a combination along with chemotherapy, which is decided by the doctor depending upon the condition of the person.