Cataract surgery

Ways to Manage Pain after a Cataract Surgery

A cataract surgery is performed to remove the affected eye lens from the eye and replace it with an artificial lens implant. The eye is the most sensitive organ of the human body. The natural eye lens becomes opaque or less transparent or sometimes darkened due to the formation of unwanted fibres, congenital infections and gives a blurred vision. The cloudy fibre like formation of the eye lens which affects the vision is called as cataract and a surgery is done to remove this cataract and overcome the problem of vision.

In most of the cases, cataract is developed over age and this problem is common for senior citizens. Elders will start experiencing difficulties while reading, seeing long distance, obscured vision, photosensitivity and certain discomfort inside their eyes. Then the lens of the eye will become completely opaque and the cataract will entirely curb the vision. Cataract may form in a single eye or both the eyes. There are other reasons for the formation of cataract in the eyes like enzymatic factors, genetic factors, and even some environmental factors.

The best way to resolve this eye complication is only through eye surgery. A cataract surgery is simple and painless. An ophthalmologist typically performs the surgery on the eye. The procedure involves replacing the clouded or blacked natural eye lens with an artificial intraocular lens. The procedure is done under a sophisticated operation theatre of the hospital. The ophthalmologist will break the cataract into little fragments using a high-frequency ultrasound probe and suck all the fragments carefully with a low-pressure vacuum suction. There are other methods of cataract surgery that involves different approaches of suction and replacement of lens based on the condition of the patient with monofocal or multifocal lenses. Hospitals usually treat a cataract surgery patient as an outpatient and the patient can go home soon after completing the surgery.

Advantages of cataract surgery

Medical treatment in India is highly advanced that a cataract surgery is performed with absolute ease even in a mobile healthcare center. Proper eye cataract treatment is mandatory for all senior citizens suffering from the problem of cataract in their eye. The benefits of having a cataract surgery are,

  • Eyesight will be restored to normal after the surgery.
  • There will be no blurred or clouded vision anymore.
  • Eyesight will actually improve better than the former version of vision for senior citizens.
  • Senior citizens can move independently without the fear of falling or getting hurt.
  • Life expectancy will increase for the senior citizens as the result of cataract surgery.
  • Elders can really read small letters, see long distance and even drive casually after a successful cataract surgery.

Managing pain after cataract surgery

Though the procedure is absolutely painless and safe, it will cause some minor pain and discomfort for some sensitive people. Post-operative care is compulsory for all the patients after the successful completion of their eye surgery. It will take at least a month to achieve a complete recovery from the cataract. During those times, patients will experience some amount of pain and irritation in their eyes because of the surgical residues and introduction of the new artificial intraocular lens on the eye. Appropriate eye cataract treatment will eradicate the pain and irritation of the eye. The patients should regularly visit their eye specialist to manage their pain and strictly follow the painkiller medications, antihistamine eye drops and alternative pain controlling steps as advised by their specialist. Patients can also approach medical second opinion for advanced pain management.

It is a patient’s responsibility to take care of their eye after a cataract surgery. If eye pain after cataract surgery is experienced, they have to visit their ophthalmologist for prior examination and treatment.