Water borne and vector borne diseases after the rains – Symptoms and prevention
Rains are more vital to a country but they also create health menace when there is much water stagnation around the people living areas. When these waters do not drain out properly it causes serious health issues which may be fatal to the infected persons.
Vector borne diseases: This kind of diseases is mainly transmitted by mosquitoes that breed in the stagnant water. Water collected in the tires, unused containers and coolers are also suitable places for propagation of mosquitoes. Some of the diseases that are transmitted by mosquito include,It is one of most tarnished illness that occurs in the rainy season. The dengue virus is carried out by the Aedes mosquito that bites during the day time. It is characterized by high temperature that occurs after 4 to 7 days of the mosquito bite. There will be rashes all over the body with muscle and joint aches. Loss of appetite and there will be unusual pain at the back of the eyes, bleeding in the gums.
Precautionary Measures:Water borne diseases: This kind of diseases is spread from unhygienic water or food materials. It can occur as an epidemic out break where there is poor sanitation, low hygiene and improper sewage system. Contaminated food and water from street shops can also carry on the disease.
It spreads through infected water and food with human fecal matter and flies can also transmit the disease. People who live in areas with low sanitation and unhygienic practices are widely affected. Signs of cholera: Typhoid fever:
It is caused by intake of infected food or water that has Salmonella typhi in it. The bacteria can be alive in water and sewage for several weeks and enters by feco-oral route. Signs of typhoid: Hepatitis A infection:
This is caused by hepatitis A virus and mainly affects the liver. It is transmitted by infected fecal matter, water, food or close contact with the hepatitis A patients. The symptoms start after 2-7 weeks after virus enters the body. Signs of hepatitis A: Leptospirosis:
It is passed from animals to human beings by means of infected urine and commonly called as ‘Rat fever’. Due to rains and floods many rats have been killed and washed away, this poses main threat to us. When a person with open skin comes in contact with leptospira bacteria while walking in the water the illness starts. Signs: Some people have severe leptospirosis called as ‘Weil’s disease’ and it is portrayed by kidney failure and bleeding of the lungs and even death.