The Perks of Wellness Tourism
he wide number of deaths in the world is caused by one major disease - Cancer. Out of which, lung cancer and bronchial cancer rank the top. Historically, it was found men were more susceptible to this disease than women. The rising causes of this threatening disease are mostly contributed by tobacco use and smoking. Now, as the smoking trends are changing, more women are coming into the risk group of lung cancer.
Causes of Lung Cancer
- The main cause of lung cancer is cigarette smoking. Even if one does not smoke just inhaling the chemical-filled air is enough to begin cancer. In spite of the dangerous warning present in the cigarette packs, the smokers still continue the habit which finally results in lung cancer in the majority of the cases.
- Climatic changes have influenced the development of lung cancer. The inhalation of polluted air or the harmful particles such as radon and asbestos also contribute to acquiring this life-threatening disease.
Healthy people who have never smoked are also under the radar in attaining lung cancer. Prolonged exposure to second-hand smoking and harmful chemicals may put them into the critical group.
Diagnosis of Lung Cancers
Like all cancers, early diagnosis is necessary to prevent the progression of cancer into the advanced stages. These are the three methods used to diagnose lung cancer :
- Imaging test - These tests help in figuring out whether a person has lung cancer. But, it does not confirm if the individual suffers from the same. It just gives the doctor enough information to determine the presence of cancer cells in the body. These tests will be utilized prior, during and after treatment to comprehend the spread of cancerous cells to different parts of the body.
- Sputum Cytology - In this procedure, the sputum (mucus) is examined under the microscope to check for the existence of cancer cells. The sputum is the fluid secreted by the lower respiratory tract. It does not determine the locations of the cancerous cells for which further complex tests will be required.
- Tissue Sample - The small portion (sample portion) of the abnormal cells are analyzed in a complex manner to reveal the characteristics of the cancer cells. In a needle biopsy, the doctor uses the CT scan or X-ray to navigate the needle-like cable in the chest wall to retrieve suspicious cells for further analysis.
The diagnosis helps the oncologist in determining the surgical procedure for the removal of cancerous cells from the body. After the surgery, there is a possibility that some cancer cells are still present. So, chemotherapy becomes the next step in the treatment.
Chemotherapy treatment for lung cancer is generally done to remove the remnant killer cells after surgery. Palliative care for lung cancer is also happens when the chemotherapy starts as it will help in managing the side effects. It is the specialized care provided by the trained specialists under the supervision of oncologist to reduce the pain after surgery. It helps in managing vomiting, nausea, constipation, depression and fatigue which comes as the side effects of the treatment.
Medical treatments in India for lung cancer is on par as other top countries. The advanced technology and competent hands have added chapters of success stories. Not only medical care, there is the need for social and emotional support. It is mostly provided by the family members as well as the medical team.