stress and cardiovascular disease

Stress and Cardiovascular disease

Stress affects all of us but in different modes and the impact of it on health will be lesser or higher is based on the reaction to the stress. Several health problems arise due to depression, anxiety or worry such as hypertension, asthma, ulcers or irritable bowel syndrome. But one of the worse impacts of chronic stress is cardio vascular disease which is fatal and takes lives of thousands of people.

How does Stress lead to cardio vascular diseases?

Stress makes changes in the behavior of a person. Many people indulge into bad lifestyle habits to overcome stress such as smoking, consuming alcohol, overeating and physical inactiveness. These things lead to high blood pressure range, cholesterol levels and thus increase the risk for heart diseases. When you are tensed or anxious it will alter the behavior of the body and will have negative impacts on blood and nervous system. Hence the flow of blood to the heart will be slow and there will be irregular heart rate and you are prone to blood clotting. When you have stress over a period of time the blood vessels will be exaggerated and you become vulnerable to atherosclerosis.

How is heart disease treated?

Heart disease can be managed effectively through various ways like change in the lifestyle habits, medications and surgery.

  • Lifestyle changes:

When you are diagnosed to have heart disease, the risk of its impact can be decreased by making change in the lifestyle habits such as avoiding smoking, consumption of alcohol doing exercise regularly and adapting healthy food habits.

  • Medications:

Several medications are available to treat cardiovascular diseases. You need to consult a cardiologist and he will prescribe the exact medicines according to your symptoms. The medicines help to lower the blood pressure and also enlarge the diseased arteries. Drugs that are used to manage include antiplatelets, statins, beta blockers, diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor antagonists.

  • Coronary Angioplasty:

It is also referred to as percutaneous coronary intervention or balloon angioplasty. This procedure is done to narrow the blocked arteries. A tiny balloon is kept inside the arteries it stretches the same and the blood flow will be smooth. Stents such as metal stents or drug eluting stents is used. These help the arteries to narrow down further.

  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: CABG

This surgery is done when the arteries are blocked partially or completely. The heart pumps the blood without the need for heart lung machine. Blood vessels are taken from the body is grafted between the aorta and the coronary artery beyond the blocked area. Now the blood flows through the grafted part.

  • Heart transplant:

If medications are not effective and the heart is severely damaged without able to pump the blood effectively, transplant may be the only option to save the life of the patient. In this procedure, the patient’s heart is replaced with donor’s healthy heart.

Stress management:

First you need to identify the cause of stress in your life and after that learn how to cope up with that by following few techniques.

  • Follow healthy food habits and also avoid alcohol as much as possible as it create to healthy being and makes your body relax.
  • Just think and act to others expectations and be assertive in doing things.
  • Quit smoking because nicotine in it will act as a stress stimulant.
  • Daily exercise must be followed as routine activity as it will release endomorphins and gives you a positive feeling.
  • Try to indulge in interesting activities that makes you feel relaxed.
  • Acquire responsibilities that are in your limits and finish.
  • Reduce the cause for the tension. Identify the goals that are in priority, set the time limits and finish with ease.
  • Set values and follow them it makes you feel better and accomplished when you live by that.
  • Take proper rest by hanging out with family and friends. Sleep is most important factor in reducing stress make sure you get enough sleep despite of your busy schedule.