common eye issues

4 Common Eye Health Issues and Their Preventive Measures

Eyes are the most sensitive organs in our body, giving us every reason to protect them against the health issues. Individuals who are above forty are more prone to get eye-related diseases and it is common in this age to notice eye-related issues. Avoiding these issues may even lead to loss of eyesight and timely treatment will get you out of the trouble. Frequent doctor checkups along with the foods that boost eye health should be a part of your regular life. Here are a few eye health conditions that you need to take care of as you are nearing matured adulthood.

  • Dryness of the eyes: Eyes need moisture to prevent themselves from infections and dryness of eyes occurs due to lack of tears in the eyes. The person may experience a blurred vision, redness, mucus in the corners of the eyes. The eyes become watery with burning sensation and become light sensitive. This condition is termed as blepharitis and treatable with proper medications and food. A warm compress can be given to the eyelids and washing it regularly will maintain the eye hygiene.
  • Allergy-related Conjunctivitis: The outer part of the eyes become inflamed due to reaction with histamines present in the allergens such as pollen, dander and mold. The person will have red eyes, burning sensation, watery and stringy discharge. The eyelids become puffy mainly when you wake up in the morning and blood vessels could be prominently seen.
  • Glaucoma: This condition mainly targets the optic nerve which is responsible for the good vision and severe damage to the optic nerve may lead to permanent vision loss. The reason for glaucoma is increased pressure in the eyes, diabetes and injury to the eye. It is characterized by spots in the peripheral or central part of the eye, pain and redness, headaches with nausea and vomiting, narrow and blurred vision. It is treated with eye drops, medicines, surgery both traditional and laser method.
  • Age-related muscular degeneration: People in their fifties or older suffers from this type of eye condition. It affects the back of the eye and disturbs in seeing things that are in front. If not treated, the condition progresses and leads to loss of vision or partial blindness in one or both eyes.

Preventive measures and tips for maintaining eye wellness:

  • Try to protect your eyes from dust and pollution by wearing sunglasses when you step out. Do not strain your eyes without blinking, do take a break when you are working, reading or driving. This will relax your eyes and prevents from drying up or dry eyes.
  • Age-related muscular degeneration is linked with lifestyle. Changes in lifestyle such as avoiding smoking, performing the eye exercise regularly could help.
  • Eating healthy foods that contain antioxidants which possess vitamins, nutrients and minerals keeps your eye healthy. The best diet for eyesight weakness that also helps to improve eye wellness are,
    • Fish has healthy fats called as Omega 3 fatty acids which help in the visual progress and wellbeing of the retina. It also prevents from dry eyes.
    • Eggs are good source for maintaining good eye health. The egg yolk contains Vitamin A, lutein, zeaxanthin, and zinc. It all contributes to maintain overall eye wellness. It prevents from age-related macular degeneration and cataract.
    • Almonds are good source of Vitamin A and are good for maintaining tissues of the eye. It helps in avoiding age related macular degeneration and cataract.
    • As we all know that Carrots are great food for eye health. It contains Vitamin A and beta-carotene which protects the exterior of the eye and prevents from eye infections and other risky eye conditions.
    • Kale is a fabulous food that has antioxidants and other essential nutrients that is extremely good for eye health. It helps in preventing from age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.
    • Oranges and other citrus fruits have Vitamin C which plays a key role in maintaining eye health. Having it your diet makes healthy blood vessels of the eyes. It helps to combat the progress of cataract and other eye diseases.