Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery

Important Things you always wanted to know about Back Pain and Spine Surgery

Back-Pain is one of the most prevailing ailments in India much as a common cold. Almost eight out of ten adults suffer from acute back problems sometime in their life span. Lack of exercise regimes, long sitting hours, wrong postures and unhealthy lifestyle can cause back pain.

Strain in the back muscles or ligaments causes inflammation leading to spasms. This results in back pain and subsequent movement restrictions. Usually, younger individuals have pain due to vertebral disc space while older adults have degenerated back joints. Sometimes, patients may experience noticeable leg pain instead of back pain. Usual treatment commences with simple exercises and medication. However, when everything else fails and the quality of life is drastically impaired by prolonged pain, doctors are forced to resort to Surgery for Back Pain (Spine Surgery).

Spine Surgery is thus an elective final approach done to improve the patient’s normal routines and minimise pain. Generally, the top reasons for opting this is

Releasing high pressure off the nerves

: Compression in the spinal column nerves causes high pressure within leading to disc hernia or spinal stenosis. Typical symptoms include severe back aches, numbness, tingling sensation or muscular weakness.

Stabilising an unstable spinal cord

The spinal column may become unstable due to its inability to retain its natural form and thereby retain the spinal ligaments, muscles, bones and disc. Hence it cannot provide the required support to the human body as in cases of spinal fracture, spondylitis and extreme disc injury. This causes an intractable back or leg pain or severe neurological disorders due to pinch nerves.

Realigning a crooked spine

There are some incidences wherein the natural curvature of the spinal cord is distorted leading to various physical impairments like flat - back syndrome.

Types of Spine Surgery:

  • Laminectomy where parts of the back bone may be removed to relieve pressure on the spinal nerves as recommended for spondylolisthesis and stenosis.
  • Foraminotomy, a surgical procedure that involves removal of tissues and bones that cause the spinal nerve compression.
  • Spine Fusion, an intervention done by combining two vertebrae together to increase the spinal stability. However it causes restricted movements.
  • Disc Replacement, a modern but rare technique wherein an artificial disc replaces the worn spinal disc and promotes physical mobility.
  • Discectomy where a part or the whole of the herniated disc is removed.

Benefits of Spine Surgery

  • Better mobility
  • Increased physical fitness
  • Cheerful mind-set
  • Reduced pain-killers dosage
  • Enhancement of work- productivity

Risks involved

  • Drug/anaesthesia reactions
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Nerve damage including paralysis
  • Heart attacks
  • Stroke
  • Herniated disks.

These odds increase for people with specific health conditions and surgery type. As a precautionary measure, it is advisable to proactively discuss with the surgeon on identifying the potential problems before opting for Spine Surgery.

A latest innovation, Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery, can effectively treat most of the mentioned spinal disorders, tumours, congenital abnormalities and traumatic injuries. This technique makes a minimal incision for accessing the particular body part that needs treatment. The technique is gaining increasing popularity as it facilitates quick recovery with short hospitalisation, smaller scars, minimal blood loss and lower risk of post-operative complications. Likewise, Robotic Spine Surgery is another approach that provides surgical treatment with high precision and planning crafted around each patient's unique anatomy and challenges.

Leading Indian Hospitals

  • Fortis Hospitals
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • ColumbiaAsia Hospitals
  • Manipal Hospitals

Regular exercise and stretching, healthy food consumption, maintaining proper body weight and posture, sleeping sideways, reducing stress, quitting bad habits and wearing flat shoes can prevent Back Pain. After all, everyone wishes to lead a pleasant life without physical movement restrictions of any description!