Active or passive smoking causes lung cancer . Lung cancer treatments in India are on par with the international standard. With evolution of medical technology, many leading lung cancer hospitals in India are getting advanced with latest and effective treatments for lung cancer.
Lung cancer is becoming as a most common cancer in the world. It is also known as carcinoma of the lung or pulmonary carcinoma of the lung or pulmonary carcinoma.
The primary tubes of the lung cancer are the small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non – cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The treatment for lung cancer depends on the stages of the cancer.
The most common treatments for lung cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, treated therapy, palliative care and chemotherapy. NSCLC mostly treated via surgery, however, SCLC responds to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
The treatment for lung cancer is decided on the basis of the type of the cancer cell and how fast does it spread. It is also decided based on the current and past medical history of the patient and his / her age.
Surgery can be done for the NSCLC cases. PET and CT scan are usually used to determine the spread of cancer pulmonary function. Blood test helps to check the abnormalities. But, if the pulmonary test is poor, it may become doubtful to choose surgical option, as the patient may suffer from breathing difficulties during the surgery.
Radiotherapy is usually combined with Chemotherapy and this procedure is used for NSCLC cases, in which the patient need not undergo a surgery.
The high intensity radiotherapy is known as Social Radiotherapy. The recent technique involves Continuing Hyper Fractionated Accelerated Radiotherapy (CHART), which is a type of radiotherapy given for the short period of time. Brachytherapy is another procedure chosen to give air passage directly to the bronchus.
Chemotherapy treatment is chosen on the basis of the type of tumour. Early stage disease as SCLC is mostly treated with chemotherapy, whereas in the case of NSCLC patients, both chemotherapy and palliative care combined together to treat all the cancer cells. Chemotherapy may increase the quality of life.
Targeted therapy uses secular drugs to target molecular pathways in lung cancer. This therapy is adapted to treat advanced cancer.
Palliative care is majorly given to the patient who continues to undergo chemotherapy.
- Shortness of breath
- Secure pain
- Coughing up blood
- Pleura effusion (Fluid at pleural space)
- A chance of spreading cancer to other parts of the body depends on the other cell type